This formula had been used historically for any eye disorder such as cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, retinopathy and night blindness. In addition this formula has been used to help promote the general health of the eyes. Bayberry bark contains astringent compounds that reduce the secretion of fluids reduce pain and shrink inflamed tissues. Golden seal root is an excellent herbal source of trace minerals which include cobalt iron magnesium manganese silicon and zinc. It is also an excellent herbal source of vitamin C. Eyebright herb also contains astringent compounds that shrink inflamed tissues. It also consists of bitter compounds that relieve pains are antiseptic and soothe inflamed mucous membranes. This herb is also an excellent herbal source of B-1, B-2, niacin, calcium, cobalt, magnesium, manganese and zinc. Red Raspberry leaves consists of astringent compounds that help to relieve pain and shrink inflamed tissues.